In the US it varies by state for what taxes/fees are collected.
Here in South Carolina we pay sales tax (5% of sales price, but capped at $500 max) at the time of purchase.
We then have to pay annual property tax. Mine was $213 this year, but it decreases each year based on the vehicle value. For comparison, my ‘97 Shadow 1100 and ‘01 KTM 200 are $16/year (which is the minimum fee).
Then we have registration, which is $10 every 2 years for motorcycles.
Also add in vehicle insurance, which of course can vary wildly based on your address, age, driving record, coverage limits, etc.
My insurance is about $500/year.